• Human psychological factors:
    • Ultra short term focus
    • Greed
    • Listening
    • Lying
  • Collapse of family unit
  • War & conflict
  • Disease
  • Land systems change
  • Resource depeletion
  • Pandemic
  • Kessler syndrome
  • Grey goo
  • Myths:
    • Money
    • Religion
    • Nations
    • Corporations
  • Chemical pollution
  • Ocean acidification
  • Fresh water composition
  • Biodiversity loss
  • Climate change
  • Atmospheric aerosol loading
  • Ozone depletion
  • Artificial intelligence
Apocalypse, now?

The 10 biggest threats facing civilisation, from asteroids to tyrannical leaders
- Richard Benson

The Centre for the Study of Existential Risk has outlined Earth's apocalyptic threats and how likely they are to happen in our lifetime

  • Artificial intelligence takes over the world
  • Pandemic diseases threaten humanity
  • AI-powered weapons seize control and form a militia
  • Nuclear conflict brings about the end of the civilisation
  • Extreme climate change triggers collapse in infrastructure
  • An asteroid impact destroys all traces of life
  • Life as we know it proves a complex simulation
  • Food shortages cause mass starvation
  • A true vacuum sucks up the universe at the speed of light
  • A tyrannical leader undermines global stability

Read the full article on Wired

dead fish

Potential solutions

Aquatic refuges for surviving a global catastrophe
- Alexey Turchin

Recently many methods for reducing the risk of human extinction have been suggested, including building refuges underground and in space. Here we will discuss the perspective of using military nuclear submarines or their derivatives to ensure the survival of a small portion of humanity who will be able to rebuild human civilization after a large catastrophe.

We will show that it is a very cost-effective way to build refuges, and viable solutions exist for various budgets and timeframes.

Nuclear submarines are surface independent, and could provide energy, oxygen, fresh water and perhaps even food for their inhabitants for years. They are able to withstand close nuclear explosions and radiation. They are able to maintain isolation from biological attacks and most known weapons. They already exist and need only small adaptation to be used as refuges.

But building refuges is only "Plan B" of existential risk preparation; it is better to eliminate such risks than try to survive them.


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